References - Geogenic Contamination Handbook

From GapWiki
Revision as of 14:51, 15 April 2024 by Gap (talk | contribs)

(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to: navigation, search

A

  • Addy S.E.A., Gadgil A.J., van Genuchten C.M., Li L. (2011) Locally-affordable arsenic remediation for rural South Asia using electrocoagulation. 35th WEDC International Conference, Loughborough, UK.
  • ARGOSS (2001) Guidelines for assessing the risk to groundwater from on-site sanitation. British Geological Survey Commissioned Report, CR/01/142. BGS Keyworth, England. www.bgs.ac.uk/research/groundwater/Argoss.html
  • Argos M., Kalra T., Rathouz P.J., Chen Y., Pierce B., Parvez F., Islam T., Ahmed A., Rakibuz-Zaman M., Hasan R., Sarwar G., Slavkovich V., Van Geen A., Graziano J., Ahsan H. (2010) Arsenic exposure from drinking water, and all-cause and chronic-disease mortalities in Bangladesh (HEALS): A prospective cohort study. Lancet 376(9737), 252–258.
  • Ahsan D.A., del Valls T.A. (2011) Impact of arsenic contaminated irrigation water in food chain: An overview from Bangladesh. Int. J. Environ. Res., 5(3), 627–638.
  • Amini M., Abbaspour K.C., Berg M., Winkel L., Hug S.J., Hoehn E., Yang H., Johnson, C.A. (2008a) Statistical modeling of global geogenic arsenic contamination in groundwater. Environ. Sci. Technol. 42(10), 3669–3675.
  • Amini M., Mueller K., Abbaspour K.C., Rosenberg T., Afyuni J., Moller K.N., Sarr M., Johnson C.A. (2008b) Statistical modeling of global geogenic fluoride contamination in groundwaters. Environ. Sci. Technol. 42(10), 3662–3668.
  • Amy G., Edwards M., Brandhuber P., McNeill L., Benjamin M., Vaglissindi F., Carlson K., Chwirka J. (2000) Arsenic treatability options and evaluation of residual management options. AWWARF Report No. 90771. Denver, Co.
  • APHA, American Public Health Association. (2012) Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 22nd Edition. American Water Works Association.
  • Appelo C.A.J., Postma D. (2005) Geochemistry, groundwater and pollution, 2nd Edition. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.
  • Ayoob S., Gupta A.K., Bhat V.T. (2008) A conceptual overview on sustainable technologies for the defluoridation of drinking water. Crit. Rev. Env. Sci. Tech. 38, 401–470.


B

  • Baccini P., Bader H.-P. (1996) Regional Stoffhaushalt. Erfassung, Bewertung und Steuerung [in German]. Heidelberg: Spektrum. Akademischer Verlag.
  • Baccini P., Brunner P. (1991) Metabolism of the anthroposphere. Springer, New York.Bandura A. (1997) Self-efficacy: the exercise of control. Freeman, New York.
  • Balistrieri L.S., Chao T.T. (2000) Adsorption of selenium by amorphous iron oxyhydroxide and manganese dioxide. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 54(3), 739–751.
  • Bartram J., Corrales L., Davison A., Deere D., Drury D., Gordon B., Howard G., Rinehold A., Stevens M. (2009) Water safety plan manual: Step-by-step risk management for drinking-water suppliers. World Health Organization, Geneva. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2009/9789241562638_eng_print.pdf
  • Baumann E. (2000) Water Lifting. SKAT, St. Gallen, Switzerland. www.skat.ch/publications/prarticle.2005-09-29.5069774463/prarticle.2006-11-02.8410562785/skatpublication.2005-10-31.4419482767/file
  • Berg M., Luzi S., Trang P.T.K., Viet P.H., Giger W., Stuben D. (2006) Arsenic removal from groundwater by household sand filters: Comparative field study, model calculations, and health benefits. Environ. Sci. Technol. 40(17), 5567–5573.
  • BGS/DPHE (2001) Arsenic contamination of groundwater in Bangladesh. In: Kinniburgh D., Smedley P. (Eds.) British Geological Survey and Bangladesh Department of Public Health Engineering, Keyworth, UK.
  • Bo Z., Mei H., Yongsheng Z., Xueyu L., Xuelin Z., Jun D. (2003) Distribution and risk assessment of fluoride in drinking water in the west plain region of Jilin Province, China. Environ. Geochem. Health 25, 421–431.
  • Brammer H. (2009) Mitigation of arsenic contamination in irrigated paddy soils in South and Southeast Asia. Environ. Int., 35(6), 856–863.
  • Brouwer I.D., Dirks O.B., De Bruin A., Hautvast J.G.A.J. (1988) Unsuitability of World Health Organisation guidelines for fluoride concentrations in drinking water in Senegal. Lancet, 1(8579), 223–225.
  • Buzalaf M.A.R., Whitford G.M. (2011) Fluoride metabolism. In Fluoride and the oral environment. Monogr. Oral Sci. 22, 20–36. Kärger, Basel.


C

  • Chakma T., Vinay Rao P., Singh S.B., Tiwary Jabalpur R.S. (2000) Endemic genu valgum and other bone deformities in two villages of Mandla District, Central India. Fluoride 33(4), 187–195.
  • Carlson-Lynch H., Beck B.D., Boardman P.D. (1994) Arsenic risk assessment. Environ. Health Perspect. 102, 354–355.
  • CDN (Catholic Diocese of Nakuru) Müller, K. (2007) CDN’s experiences in producing bone char. Prepared jointly by CDN WQ and Eawag. www.eawag.ch/forschung/qp/wrq/publications/pdfs/bone_char_production
  • Chauhan S.V., Dwivedi P.K., Lyengar L. (2007) Investigations on activated alumina based domestic defluoridation units. J. Hazard Mater. 139(1), 103–107.
  • Cheng Z.Q., van Geen A., Jing C., Meng X., Seddique A., Ahmed K.M. (2004) Performance of a household-level arsenic removal system during 4-month deployments in Bangladesh. Environ. Sci. Technol. 38(12), 3442–3448.
  • Chen C.-J., Chen C.W., Wu M.-M., Kuo T.-L. (1992) Cancer potential in liver, lung, bladder and kidney due to ingested inorganic arsenic in drinking water. Br. J. Cancer 66, 888–892.
  • Chen Y.X., Lin M.Q., Xiao Y.D., Gan W.M., Min D., Chen C. (1997) Nutrition survey in dental fluorosis-affected areas. Fluoride 30, 77–80.
  • Choi A.L., Sun G., Zhang Y., Grandjean P. (2012) Developmental fluoride neurotoxicity: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Environ Health Perspect. 120(10), 1362–1368.
  • Cialdini R.B. (2003) Crafting normative messages to protect the environment. Curr. Dir. Psychol. Sci. 12(4), 105–109.
  • Clasen T., Schmidt W.P., Rabie T., Roberts I., Cairncross S. (2007) Interventions to improve water quality for preventing diarrhoea: Systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ, 334(7597):782.
  • Clifford D.A. (1999) Ion exchange and inorganic adsorption. In: Water quality and treatment: A handbook of community water supplies, 5th edn. American Water Works Association, McGraw Hill, New York.
  • Cressey P., Gaw S., Love J. (2010) Estimated dietary fluoride intake for New Zealanders. J. Public Health Dentistry. 70(4), 327-336.


D

  • Dahi E. (1996) Contact precipitation for defluoridation of water. In: Proceedings, 22nd WEDC Conference, New Delhi, 262–265.
  • Dahi E., Mtalo F., Njau B., Bregnhøj H. (1996) Defluoridation using the Nalgonda Technique in Tanzania. Paper presented at the 22nd WEDC Conference, New Delhi, India, 1996, 266–268.
  • Daw R.K. (2004) Experiences with Domestic Defluoridation in India. In: Proceedings, 30th WEDC International Conference, Vientiane, Laos, 467–473.
  • Department of Communities and Local Government (2009) Multi-criteria analysis: A manual. Communities and Local Government Publications, London. www.communities.gov.uk/publications/corporate/multicriteriaanalysismanual
  • Driehaus W., Jekel M., Hildebrandt U. (1998) Granular ferric hydroxide – A new adsorbent for the removal of arsenic from natural water. Aqua 47(1), 30–35.
  • Duxbury J.M., Panaullah G.M. (2007) Remediation of arsenic for agriculture sustainability, food security and health in Bangladesh. Water Working Paper, Rome. www.fao.org/nr/water/docs/FAOWATER_ARSENIC.pdf


E

  • Edmunds M., Smedley P. (2005) Fluoride in Natural Waters. In: Selinus O., Alloway B., Centeno J.A.., Finkelman R.B., Fuge R., Lindh U., Smedley P.L. (Eds.) Essentials of medical geology – Impacts of the natural environment on public health. Springer.
  • EFSA (2009) Panel on contaminants in the food chain (CONTAM): Scientific opinion on arsenic in food. EFSA J. 7(10),1351. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2009.1351. www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/doc/1351.pdf
  • EFSA (2011) Panel on dietetic products, nutrition, and allergies (NDA): Scientific opinion on dietary reference values for fluoride. EFSA J., 11(8), 3332. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2013.3332. www.efsa.europa.eu/en/search/doc/3332.pdf
  • Elimelech M., Phillip W.A. (2011) The future of seawater desalination: Energy, technology, and the environment (Review). Science, 333(6043), 712–717.
  • Emamjomeh M.M., Sivakumar M. (2009a) Review of pollutants removed by electrocoagulation and electrocoagulation/flotation processes. J. Environ. Manage. 90(5), 1663–1679.
  • Emamjomeh M.M., Sivakumar M. (2009b) Fluoride removal by a continuous flow electrocoagulation reactor. J. Environ. Manage. 90(2), 1204–1212.
  • Erdal S., Buchanan S.N. (2005) A quantitative look at fluorosis, fluoride exposure, and intake in children using a health risk assessment approach. Environ Health Perspect. 113, 111–117.


F

  • FAO/WFP (2008) FAO/WFP crop and food supply assessment mission to Bangladesh. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations & World Food Programme. Rome.
  • Fawell J., Bailey K., Chilton J., Dahi E., Fewtrell L. Magara Y. (2006) Fluoride in drinking-water. World Health Organization. IWA Publishing, London.. London.www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/publications/fluoride_drinking_water/en/
  • Fewtrell L., Fuge R., Kay D. (2005) An estimation of the global burden of disease due to skin lesions caused by arsenic in drinking water. J. Water Health 3(2), 101–107.
  • Fewtrell L., Kaufmann R.B., Kay D., Enanoria W., Haller L., Colford J.M. Jr. (2005) Water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions to reduce diarrhoea in less developed countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Infect. Dis., 5(1), 42–52.
  • Fewtrell L., Smith S., Kay D., Bartram J. (2006) An attempt to estimate the global burden of disease due to fluoride in drinking water. J. Water Health 4(4), 533–542.
  • Flanagan S.V., Johnston R.B., Zheng Y. (2012) Health and economic impact of arsenic in Bangladesh: Implications for mitigation strategy and practice. Bullet. World Health Org. 90(11), 839–846. www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/90/11/11-101253.pdf


G

  • Gazzano E., Bergandi L., Riganti C., Aldieri E., Doublier S., Costamagna C., Bosia A., Ghigo D. (2010) Fluoride effects: The two faces of Janus. Curr. Med. Chem. 17(22), 2431–2441.Grandjean P. (1982) Occupational fluorosis through 50 years: Clinical and epidemiological experiences. Am. J. Ind. Med. 3(2), 227–236.
  • Gazzano E., Bergandi L., Riganti C., Aldieri E., Doublier S., Costamagna C., Bosia A., Ghigo D. (2010) Fluoride effects: The two faces of Janus. Curr. Med. Chem. 17(22), 2431–41.
  • George C.M., Zheng Y., Graziano J.H., Bin Rasul S., Hossain Z., Mey, J.L., van Geen A. (2012) Evaluation of an arsenic test kit for rapid well screening in Bangladesh. Environ. Sci. Technol. 46(20), 11213−11219.
  • German M., Seingheng H., SenGupta A.K. (2014) Mitigating arsenic crisis in the developing world: Role of robust, reusable and selective hybrid anion exchanger (HAIX). Sci. Total Environ, 488-489(Aug), 547–553.
  • Ghosh D., Medhi C.R., Purkait M.K. (2008) Treatment of fluoride containing drinking water by electrocoagulation using monopolar and bipolar electrode connections. Chemosphere 73(9), 1393-1400.
  • Godfrey S., Labhasetwar P., Chakma T., Wate S., Swami A., Bartram J. (2011) Assessing and managing fluorosis risk in children and adults in rural Madhya Pradesh, India. J. Water Sanitation Hygiene Dev. 1(2), 136–143.
  • Gollwitzer P.M. (1999) Implementation intentions: Strong effects of simple plans. Am. Psychol. 54(7), 493–503.
  • Grandjean P., Thomsen G. (1983) Reversibility of skeletal fluorosis Brit. J. Industr. Med. 40, 456–461.
  • Greenlee L.F., Lawler D.F., Freeman B.D., Marrot B., Moulin P. (2009) Reverse osmosis desalination: Water sources, technology, and today's challenges. Water Res., 43(9), 2317–2348.
  • GTZ (2007) Multi-stakeholder management: Tools for Stakeholder Analysis: 10 building blocks for designing participatory systems of cooperation. Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit, Eschborn, Germany www.fsnnetwork.org/sites/default/files/en-svmp-instrumente-akteuersanalyse.pdf
  • Gwala P., Andey S., Mhaisalkar V., Labhasetwar P., Pimpalkar S., Kshirsagar C. (2011) Lab scale study on electrocoagulation defluoridation process optimization along with aluminium leaching in the process and comparison with full scale plant operation. Water Sci. Technol. 63(12), 2788–2795.

H

  • Hanchett S., Khan M.H., (2009). Final summary report on Social and Economic Assessment of Arsenic Removal Technologies. Planning Alternatives for Change LLC / Pathways Consulting Services Ltd., Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  • Hartmann P. (2001) Iron and manganese removal: Simple methods for drinking water. SKAT, St. Gallen, Switzerland. www.skat.ch/publications/prarticle.2005-09-29.5069774463/prarticle.2006-11-02.5180575226/skatpublication.2005-10-27.3771055461
  • Heikens A., Panullah G.M., Meharg A.A. (2007) Arsenic behaviour from groundwater and soil to crops: Impacts on agriculture and food safety. Rev. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 189, 43–87.
  • Hossain M.F. (2007) Arsenic contamination in Bangladesh – An overview. Agr. Ecosys. Environ. 113(1–4), 1–16.
  • Hossain M., Haque A., Alam S., Rahman M., Uddin M.R., Sarwar S.G., Kibia M.G., Hasan R., Ahmed K.M., Hasan M.A., Alam J., Bhattacharya P., Jacks G., von Brömssen M. (2012) Potentiality of intermediate depth aquifer as a source of arsenic and manganese safe tubewells in Bangladesh. Presented at the 4th International Congress on Arsenic in the Environment, As 2012, Cairns, Australia, 71–73.
  • Howard G., Ahmed M.F., Mahmud S.G., Teunis P., Davison A., Deere D. (2007) Disease burden estimation to support policy decision-making and research prioritization for arsenic mitigation J. Water Health, 5(1), 67–81.
  • Howard G., Ahmed M.F., Shamsuddin A.J., Mahmud S.G., Deere D. (2006) Risk assessment of arsenic mitigation options in Bangladesh. J. Health Popul. Nutr. 24(3), 346–355.
  • Hussam A., Alauddin M., Khan A.H., Rasul S.B., Munir A.K.M. (1999) Evaluation of arsine generation in arsenic field kit. Environ. Sci. Technol. 33(20), 3686–3688.
  • Hsu J.C., Lin C.J., Liao C.H., Chen S.T. (2008) Removal of As(V) and As(III) by reclaimed iron-oxide coated sands. J. Hazard. Mater. 153(1–2), 817–826.
  • Hu C.-Y., Lo S.-L., Kuan W.-H., Lee Y.-D. (2008) Treatment of high fluoride-content wastewater by continuous electrocoagulation–flotation system with bipolar aluminum electrodes. Sep. Purif. Technol. 60(1), 1–5.
  • Huber A.C., Bhend S., Mosler H.-J. (2012) Determinants of exclusive consumption of fluoride-free water: A cross-sectional household study in rural Ethiopia. J. Pub Health 20(3), 269–278
  • Huber A.C., Mosler H.-J. (2012). Determining behavioral factors for interventions to increase safe water consumption: A cross-sectional field study in rural Ethiopia. Int. J. Environ. Health Res. 23(2),1–12.
  • Huber A.C., Tobias R., Mosler H.-J. (2014) Evidence-based tailoring of behavior-change campaigns: Increasing fluoride-free water consumption in rural Ethiopia with persuasion. Appl. Psychol. Health Well Being 6(1), 96–118.
  • Hug S. J., Leupin O. X., Berg M. (2008) Bangladesh and Vietnam: Different groundwater compositions require different approaches to arsenic mitigation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 42(17), 6318–6323.
  • Hug S.J., Gaertner D., Roberts L.C., Schirmer M., Ruettimann T., Rosenberg T.M., Badruzzaman A.B.M., Ali M.A. (2011) Avoiding high concentrations of arsenic, manganese and salinity in deep tubewells in Munshiganj District, Bangladesh. Appl. Geochem. 26(7), 1077–1085.
  • Hussam A., Munir A.K.M. (2007) A simple and effective arsenic filter based on composite iron matrix: Development and deployment studies for groundwater of Bangladesh. J. Environ. Sci. Heal. A 42(12), 1869–1878.


I

  • Inauen J., Hossain M.M., Johnston R.B., Mosler H.-J. (2013a) Acceptance and use of eight arsenic-safe drinking water options in Bangladesh. PLOS One 8(1), e53640.Inauen J., Tobias R., Mosler H.-J. (2013b) Predicting water-consumption habits for seven arsenic-safe water options in Bangladesh. BMC Pub. Health 13, 417.
  • Inauen J., Mosler H.-J. (2013) Developing and testing theory-based and evidence-based interventions to promote switching to arsenic-safe wells in Bangladesh. J. Health Psychol. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105313493811
  • Inauen J., Tobias R., Mosler H.-J. (2013c) The role of commitment strength in enhancing safe water consumption: Mediation analysis of a cluster-randomised trial. Brit. J. Health Psychol. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12068.
  • IRC (2011) Briefing Note 1a: Life-cycle costs approach. IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, The Netherlands.
  • IRC (2002) Small community water supplies: Technology, people and partnership. IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre. The Hague, The Netherlands. www.ircwash.org/resources/small-community-water-supplies-technology-people-and-partnership
  • IRC (2011) WASHCost Briefing Note 1a: Life-cycle costs approach: Costing sustainable services. IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre. www.ircwash.org/resources/briefing-note-1a-life-cycle-costs-approach-costing-sustainable-service


J

  • Jagtap S., Yenkie M.K., Labhsetwar N., Rayalu S. (2012) Fluoride in drinking water and defluoridation of water. Chem. Rev. 112(4), 2454–2466.
  • Jakariya M., Vahter M., Rahman M., Wahed M.A., Hore S.K., Bhattacharya P., Jacks G., Persson L.Å. (2007). Screening of arsenic in tubewell water with field test kits: Evaluation of the method from public health perspective. Sci. Total Environ. 379(2–3), 167–175.
  • Jekel, M.R. (1994) Removal of arsenic in drinking water treatment. In: Nriagu, J.O. (Ed.) Arsenic in the environment, Part I: Cycling and characterization. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.
  • Johnson C.A., Berg M., Sabatini D. (2014) Towards sustainable safe drinking water supply in low- and middle-income countries: The challenges of geogenic contaminants and mitigation measures. Special Issue. Sci. Total Environ., 488–489, 475–476.
  • Johnson C.A., Osterwalder L., Zewge F., Rohner R., Mutheki P.M., Samuel E. (2011) Introducing Fluoride Removal Filters to Ethiopia. Sandec News No. 12 www.eawag.ch/forschung/sandec/publikationen/general/dl/sandec_news_12.pdf
  • Johnston R.B., Bretzler A., Johnson C.A. (2013) GeoGen2013. Sandec News, 14, 20.
  • Johnston R., Heijnen H. (2001) Safe water technology for arsenic removal. In: Ahmed M.F., Ali M. A., Adeel, Z. (Eds.) Technologies for arsenic removal from drinking water. Papers presented at the International Workshop on Technologies or Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water. BUET, Dhaka; United Nationals University, Tokyo.
  • Johnston R., Heijnen H., Wurzel P. (2002) Safe water technology. In: United Nations Synthesis Report on Arsenic in Drinking Water. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/dwq/arsenicun6.pdf?ua=1
  • Johnston R., Hug S.J., Inauen J., Khan N.I., Mosler H.-J., Yang H. (2014) Enhancing arsenic mitigation in Bangladesh: Findings from institutional, psychological, and technical investigations. Sci. Tot. Environ. 448–449, 477–483.


K

  • Karjalainen T.P., Rossi P.M., Ala-aho P., Eskelinen R., Reinikainen K., Kløve B., Pulido-Velazquez M., Yang H. (2013) A decision analysis framework for stakeholder involvement and learning in groundwater management. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss. 10, 8747–8780.
  • Kaseva M.E. (2006) Optimization of regenerated bone char for fluoride removal in drinking water: A case study in Tanzania. J. Water Health 4(1), 139–147.
  • KEBS (2010) Excess fluoride in water in Kenya. Kenya Bureau of Standards, Nairobi.
  • Khan N.I., Brouwer R., Yang H. (2014) Household willingness to pay for arsenic-free drinking water in Bangladesh. J. Environ. Manag. In press.
  • Khan N.I., Bruce D., Naidu R., Owens G. (2009) Implementation of food frequency questionnaire for the assessment of total dietary arsenic intake in Bangladesh: Part B, preliminary findings. Environ. Geochem. Health, 31(SUPPL. 1), 221–238.
  • Khan N.I., Yang H. (2014) Arsenic mitigation in Bangladesh: An analysis of institutional stakeholders' opinions. Sci. Total Environ. 448–449(1), 493–504.
  • Kiker G.A., Bridges T.S., Varghese A., Seager T.P., Linkov I. (2005) Application of multicriteria decision analysis in environmental decision making. Integr. Environ. Assess. Manag. 1(2), 95–108.
  • Kinniburgh D.G., Kosmus W. (2002) Arsenic contamination in groundwater: some analytical considerations. Talanta 58(1), 165–180.
  • Kitchin K.T., Conolly R. (2010) Arsenic carcinogenesis – Oxidative stress as a possible mode of action and future research needs for more biologically based risk assessments. Chem Res. Toxicol., 23, 327–335.
  • Korir H., Mueller K., Korir L., Kubai J., Wanja E., Wanjiku N., Waweru J., Mattle M.J., Osterwalder L., Johnson C.A. (2009) The development of bone char-based filters for the removal of fluoride from drinking water. Presented at the 34th WEDC International Conference, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Krishnamachari K.A. (1986) Skeletal fluorosis in humans: A review of recent progress in the understanding of the disease. Prog Food Nutr Sci. 10(3-4), 279–314.
  • Krishnamachari K.A.V.R. (1986) Skeletal fluorosis in humans: A review of recent progress in the understanding of the disease. Prog. Food Nutr. Sci. 10(3–4), 279–314.
  • Kumar P.R., Chaudhari S., Khilar K.C., Mahajan S.P. (2004) Removal of arsenic from water by electrocoagulation. Chemosphere 55(9), 1245–1252.


L

  • Langmuir D. (1997) Aqueous environmental geochemistry. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
  • Leontief W. (1936) Quantitative input and output relations in the economic system of the United States. Rev. Econ. Stat. 18, 105–125.
  • Leupin O.X., Hug S.J. (2005) Oxidation and removal of arsenic (III) from aerated groundwater by filtration through sand and zero-valent iron. Water Res. 39(9), 17291740.
  • Lokuge K.M., Smith W., Caldwell B., Deer K., Milton A.H. (2004) The effect of arsenic mitigation interventions on disease burden in Bangladesh Environ Health Perspect. 112, 1172–1177.
  • Luzi S., Berg M., Trang P.T.K., Viet P.H., Schertenleig R. (2004) Household sand filters for arsenic removal. Technical report, Eawag, Dübendorf, Switzerland. www.arsenic.eawag.ch/pdf/luziberg04_sandfilter_e.pdf

M

  • Malde M., Maage A., Macha E., Julshamn K., Bjorvatn K. (1997) Fluoride content in selected food items from five areas in East Africa. J. Food Compo. Anal. 10, 233–245.
  • Malde M.K., Scheidegger R., Julshamn K., Bader H.-P. (2011) Substance flow analysis – A case study of fluoride exposure through food and beverages in young children living in Ethiopia. Environ Health Perspect. 119(4), 579–584. http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1002365
  • Malde M.K., Zerihun L., Julshamn K., Bjorvatn K. (2003) Fluoride intake in children living in a high-fluoride area in Ethiopia. Intake through beverages. Int. J. Paed. Dentistr. 13(1), 27–34.
  • Malde M.K., Zerihun L., Julshamn K., Bjorvatn K. (2004) Fluoride, calcium and magnesium intake in children living in a high-fluoride area in Ethiopia. Intake through food. Int. J. Paed. Dentistr. 14(3), 167–174.
  • Mameri N., Yeddou A.R., Lounici H., Belhocine D., Grib H., Bariou B. (1998) Defluoridation of septentrional Sahara water of North Africa by electrocoagulation process using bipolar aluminium electrodes. Water Res. 32(5), 1604–1612.
  • Meharg A.A., Williams P.N., Adomako E., Lawgali Y.Y., Deacon C., Villada A., Campbell R.C.J., Sun G., Zhu Y.G., Feldmann J., Raab A., Zhao F.J., Islam R., Hossain S., Yanai J. (2009) Geographical variation in total and inorganic arsenic content of polished (white) rice. Environ. Sci. Technol. 43(5), 1612–1617.
  • Meng X., Korfiatis G.P., Christodoulatos C., Bang S. (2001) Treatment of arsenic in Bangladesh well water using a household co-precipitation and filtration system. Water Res. 35(12), 2805–2810.
  • Milton A.H., Hasan Z., Shahidullah S.M., Sharmin S., Jakariya M.D., Rahman M., Dear K., Smith W. (2004) Association between nutritional status and arsenicosis due to chronic arsenic exposure in Bangladesh. Internat. J. Environ. Health Res. 14(2), 99–108.
  • Mitra S.R., Guha Mazumder D.N., Basu A., Block G., Haque R., Samanta S., Ghosh N., Hira Smith M.M., von Ehrenstein O.S., Smith A.H. (2004) Nutritional factors and susceptibility to arsenic‐caused skin lesions in West Bengal, India. Environ. Health Persp. 112(10), 1104–1109.
  • Mjengera H., Mkongo G. (2002) Appropriate defluoridation technology for use in fluorotic areas in Tanzania. Phys. Chem. Earth 28(20–27), 1097–1104.
  • Mohan D., Pittman D.U. (2007) Arsenic removal from water/wastewater using adsorbents – A critical review. J. Hazard. Mater. 142(1–2), 1–53.
  • Mohapatra M., Anand S., Mishra B.K., Giles D.E., Singh P. (2009) Review of fluoride removal from drinking water. J. Environ. Manage. 91(1), 67–77.
  • Mondal D., Banerjee M., Kundu M., Banerjee N., Bhattacharya U., Giri A.K., Ganguli B., Roy S.S., Polya D.A. (2010) Comparison of drinking water, raw rice and cooking of rice as arsenic exposure routes in three contrasting areas of West Bengal, India. Environ. Geochem. Health 32(6), 463–477.
  • Mosler H.-J. (2012) A systematic approach to behavior change interventions for the water and sanitation sector in developing countries: A conceptual model, a review, and a guideline. Int. J. Environ. Health. Res. 22(5), 431–449.
  • Mulder M. (2000) Basic principles of membrane technology. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
  • Murray C.J.L. (1994) Global burden of disease. WHO Bulletin 72, 427–445.
  • Mutheki P.M., Osterwalder L., Kubai J., Korir L., Wanja E., Wambui E., Edosa T., Johnston R.B., Johnson C.A. (2011) Comparative performance of bone char-based filters for the removal of fluoride from drinking water. Proceedings, 35th WEDC International Conference, Loughborough, UK.

N

  • NAS, National Research Council. (1983) Risk assessment in the federal government: Managing the process. National Academies Press, Washington, DC. https://download.nap.edu/login.php?record_id=366&page=/download.php?record_id=366
  • Nawlakhe W.G., Kulkarni D.N., Pathak B.N., Bulusu K.R. (1975) Defluoridation of Water by Nalgonda Technique. Indian J. Environ. Health 17(1) 26–65.
  • NEERI, National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (2007) Integrated fluorosis mitigation: Guidance manual, 85. www.ircwash.org/sites/default/files/Devotta-2007-Integrated.pdf
  • Nielsen, J.M., Dahi E. (1995) The occurrence of fluoride contaminated magadi (trona) in Kenya and Tanzania. First International Workshop on Fluorosis Prevention and Defluoridation of Water. Proceedings, Dahi E., Bregnhoj H. (Eds.). Ngurdoto, Tanzania, 18-22 October 1995, 17–22.
  • Nigussie W., Zewge F., Chandravanshi B.S. (2008) Removal of excess fluoride from water using waste residue from alum manufacturing process. J. Hazard. Mater. 147(3), 954–963.
  • NRC, National Research Council. (1999) Arsenic in drinking water. Subcommittee on Arsenic in Drinking Water. National Academies Press, Washington, DC.
  • NRC, National Research Council. (2001) Arsenic in drinking water: 2001 update. National Academies Press, Washington, DC. . https://download.nap.edu/login.php?record_id=10194
  • NRC, National Research Council. (2006) Fluoride in drinking water: A scientific review of EPA’s standards. National Academies Press, Washington, DC. https://download.nap.edu/login.php?record_id=11571
  • NRC (2014) Critical Aspects of EPA's IRIS Assessment of Inorganic Arsenic: Interim Report. National Research Council. National Academies Press, Washington, DC.https://download.nap.edu/login.php?record_id=18594


O

  • Osterwalder L., Johnson C.A., Yang H., Johnston R.B. (2014) Multi-criteria assessment of community-based fluoride-removal technologies for rural Ethiopia. Sci. Total Environ. 448–449, 532–538.
  • Ozsvath D.L. (2009) Fluoride and environmental health: A review. Rev. Environ. Sci. Biotechnol. 8, 59–79.


P

  • Phan K., Sthiannopkao S., Kim K.-W., Wong M.H., Sao V., Hashim J.H., Yasin M.S.M., Aljunid S.M. (2005) Health risk assessment of inorganic arsenic intake of Cambodia residents through groundwater drinking pathway. Water Res. 44, 5777–5788.


R

  • Rango T., Kravchenko J., Atlaw B., McCornick P.G., Jeuland M., Merola B., Vengosh A. (2012) Groundwater quality and its health impact: An assessment of dental fluorosis in rural inhabitants of the Main Ethiopian Rift. Environ. Internat., 43 (2012) 37–47.
  • Ravenscroft P., Brammer H., Richards K.S. (2009). Arsenic pollution: A global synthesis. Blackwell-Wiley.
  • Rasmussen L., Andersen K.J. (2002) Chapter 2: Environmental health and human exposure assessment. United Nations synthesis report on arsenic in drinking water. World Health Organization, Geneva. www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/dwq/arsenic3
  • Roberts L.C., Hug S.J., Voegelin A., Dittmar J., Kretzschmar R., Wehrli B., Saha G.C., Badruzzaman A.B.M., Ali M.A. (2011) Arsenic dynamics in porewater of an intermittently irrigated paddy field in Bangladesh. Environ. Sci. Technol. 45(3), 971–976.
  • Rosenboom J.W. (2004). Not just red or green: An analysis of arsenic data from 15 upazilas in Bangladesh. Dhaka: DPHE/APSU/UNICEF.


S

  • Sah S., Smits J. (2012) Dietary selenium fortification: A potential solution to chronic arsenic toxicity. Toxicol. Environ. Chem. 94(7), 1453–1465.
  • Sancha A.M. (2006) Review of coagulation technology for removal of arsenic: Case of Chile. J. Health Popul. Nutr. 24(3), 262–272. www.jhpn.net/index.php/jhpn/article/view/711
  • Schaffner M., Bader H.-P., Scheidegger R. (2009) Modeling the contribution of point sources and non-point sources to Thachin River water pollution. Sci. Total Environ. 407(17), 4902–4915.
  • Schmeer K. (1999). Guidelines for conducting a stakeholder analysis. Partnerships for Health Reform, Abt Associates Inc., Bethesda, MD. www.who.int/management/partnerships/overall/en/index1.html
  • Schoemann, J.J. (2009) Performance of a water defluoridation plant in a rural area in South Africa. Water SA 35(1), 97–101.
  • Schultz P.W., Nolan J.M., Cialdini R.B., Goldstein N.J., Griskevicius V. (2007) The constructive, destructive, and reconstructive power of social norms. Psychol. Sci. 18(5), 429–434.
  • SCSEDRI, Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes. (1997) Dietary reference intakes for calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, vitamin D and fluoride. Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. National Academies Press, Washington DC.
  • Seraj B., Shahrabi M., Shadfar M., Ahmadi R., Fallahzadeh M., Eslamlu H.F., Kharazafard M.J. (2012) Effect of high water fluoride concentration on the intellectual development of children in Makoo/Iran. J Dent (Tehran) 9(3), 221–229.
  • Shannon M.A., Bohn P.W., Elimelech M., Georgiadis J.G., Marinas B.J., Mayes A.M. (2008) Science and technology for water purification in the coming decades. Nature 452(7185), 301–310.
  • Shen F., Chen X., Gao P., Chen G. (2003) Electrochemical removal of fluoride ions from industrial wastewater. Chem. Eng. Sci. 58(3–6), 987–993.
  • Shimelis B., Zewge F., Chandravanshi S. (2005) Removal of excess fluoride from water by aluminum hydroxide. Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 20(1), 17–34.
  • Smedley P.L., Kinniburgh D.G. (2002). A review of the source, behaviour and distribution of arsenic in natural waters. Appl. Geochem. 17(5), 517–568.
  • Smith A.H., Steinmaus C.M. (2009). Health effects of arsenic and chromium in drinking water: Recent human findings. Annu. Rev. Publ. Health 30, 107–122.
  • Smith H.V., Smith M.C. (1927) Bone contact removes fluorine. Water Works Engineering, 11, 1600–1603.
  • Smittakorn S., Jirawongboonrod N., Mongkolnchai-Arunya S., Durnford D. (2010) Homemade bone charcoal adsorbent for defluoridation of groundwater in Thailand. J. Water Health 8(4), 826–836.
  • Sohel N., Persson L.Å., Rahman M., Streatfield P.K., Yunus M., Ekström E.C., Vahter, M. (2009) Arsenic in drinking water and adult mortality: A population-based cohort study in rural Bangladesh. Epidemiology 20(6), 824–830.
  • Sonego I.L., Huber A.C., Mosler H.-J. (2013). Does the Implementation of hardware need software? A longitudinal study on fluoride-removal filter use in Ethiopia. Environ. Sci. Technol. 47(22), 12661−12668.
  • Spear J.M., Zhou Y.M., Cole C.A., Xie Y.F. (2006). Evaluation of arsenic field test kits for drinking water analysis. J. Am. Water Works Assoc. 98(12), 97–105.
  • Steinmaus C.M., George C.M., Kalman D.A., Smith A.H. (2006) Evaluation of two new arsenic field test kits capable of detecting arsenic water concentrations close to 10 microg/L. Environ. Sci. Technol. 40(10), 3362–3366.
  • Sundaram B., Feitz A.J., deCaritat P., Plazinska A., Brodie R.S., Coram J., Ransley T. (2009) Groundwater sampling and analysis – A field guide. GeoScience Australia, No. 27, GeoCat 68901, 295. www.ga.gov.au/image_cache/GA15501.pdf
  • Susheela A.K., Bhatnagar M. (2000) Experiences on combating fluorosis cases in India. Third International Workshop on Fluorosis and Defluoridation of Water, November 20–24, 2000, Chiangmai, Thailand, 51–60. www.de-fluoride.net/3rdProceedTotPDF.pdf
  • Susheela A.K. (2007) Treatise on Fluorosis: 3rd Revised Edition. Fluorosis Research and Rural Development Foundation, 133. www.fluorideandfluorosis.com/Publications/Publications_Human.html
  • SSWM Toolbox, Stakeholder Analysis www.sswm.info/category/planning-process-tools/exploring#Stakeholder%20Analysis


T

  • Tchounwou P.B., Centeno J.A., Patlolla A.K. (2004) Arsenic toxicity, mutagenesis, and carcinogenesis – A health risk assessment and management approach Molecular Cellul. Biochem. 255, 47–55.
  • Tekle-Haimanot R., Melaku Z., Kloos H., Reimann C., Fantaye W., Zerihun L., Bjorvatn, K. (2006). The geographic distribution of fluoride in surface and groundwater in Ethiopia with an emphasis on the Rift Valley. Sci. Total Environ. 367(1), 182–190.
  • Thomas T.H., Martinson D.B. (2007) Roofwater harvesting: A handbook for practitioners. IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, The Netherlands. [http://www.ircwash.org

esources oofwater-harvesting-handbook-practitioners www.ircwash.org esources oofwater-harvesting-handbook-practitioners]

  • Thoeye C., Van Eyck K., Bixio D., Weemaes M. and De Gueldre G. (2003). Methods used for health risk assessment. In: Aertgeerts R., Angelakis A. (Eds.) State of the art report, health risks in aquifer recharge using reclaimed water. World Health Organization, Copenhagen. [http:www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/wastewater/wsh0308chap4.pdf www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/wastewater/wsh0308chap4.pd]
  • Trang P.T.K., Berg M., Viet P.H., Mui N.V., van der Meer J.R. (2005). Bacterial bioassay for rapid and accurate analysis of arsenic in highly variable groundwater samples. Environ. Sci. Technol. 39(19), 7625–7630.


U


V

  • Van Geen A., Ahmed E.B., Pitcher L., Mey J.L., Ahsanc H., Graziano J.H., Ahmed K.M. (2014) Comparison of two blanket surveys of arsenic in tubewells conducted 12 years apart in a 25 km2 area of Bangladesh. Sci. Tot. Environ. 448–449, 484–492.
  • Van Geen A., Cheng Z., Seddique A.A., Hoque M.A., Gelman A., Graziano J.H., Ahsan H., Parvez F., Ahmed K.M. (2005). Reliability of a commercial kit to test groundwater for arsenic in Bangladesh. Environ. Sci. Technol. 39(1), 299–303.
  • Venkobachar C., Lyengar L., Mudgal A.K. (1997) Household defluoridation of drinking water using activated alumina, 138–145. In: Dahi E., Nielsen, J.J. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Fluorosis Prevention and Defluoridation of Water, Nazreth, Ethiopia, November 19–25, 1997.


W

  • Waddington H., Snilstveit B. (2009) Effectiveness and sustainability of water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions in combating diarrhoea J. Dev. Effectiveness, 1(3), 295-335.
  • Wang S.X., Wang Z.H., Cheng X.T, Li J., Sang Z.P., Zhang X.D., Han L.L., Qiao X.Y., Wu Z.M., Wang Z.Q. (2007) Arsenic and fluoride exposure in drinking water: Children's IQ and growth in Shanyin county, Shanxi province, China. Environ Health Perspect. 115(4), 643–7.
  • Wassermann G.A., Liu X., Parvez F., Ahsan H., Levy D., Factor-Litvak P., Kline J., van Geen A., Slavkovich V., LoIacono N.J., Cheng Z., Zheng, Y., Graziano J.H. (2006) Water manganese exposure and children’s intellectual function in Araihazar, Bangladesh. Environ. Health Persp. 114(1), 124–129.
  • Watanabe C., Kawata A., Sudo N., Sekiyama M., Inaoka T., Bae M., Ohtsuka R. (2004) Water intake in an Asian population living in arsenic‐contaminated area. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 198(3), 272–282.
  • Wedgwood A., Sansom K. (2003) Willingness to pay surveys – A streamlined approach. Guidance notes for small town services. Water, Engineering and Development Centre, Loughborough University. www.partnershipsforwater.net/psp/tc/TC_Tools/006T_Willingness%20to%20pay.pdf
  • WHO, World Health Organization. (1989) Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants. Thirty-third report of the joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives, WHO Technical Report Series No. 776, Geneva, World Health Organization. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/trs/WHO_TRS_776.pdf
  • WHO, World Health Organization (1997) Water Sampling and Analysis. In: Volume 3 - Surveillance and control of community supplies, WHO Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality, 2nd edn., 51–72. World Health Organization, Geneva. www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/dwq/gdwq2v1/en/index2.html
  • WHO, World Health Organization. (1999) Thiamine deficiency and its prevention and control in major emergencies. WHO reference number: WHO/NHD/99.13. World Health Organization, Geneva. www.who.int/nutrition/publications/emergencies/WHO_NHD_99.13/en/
  • WHO, World Health Organization. (2001) National burden of disease studies. www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/tools_national/en/
  • WHO, World Health Organization. (2011) Evaluation of certain contaminants in food: Seventy-second report of the joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives, WHO Technical Report Series No. 959. World Health Organization, Geneva. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/trs/who_trs_959_eng.pdf
  • WHO (2011). Guidelines for drinking-water quality, 4th ed. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2011/9789241548151_eng.pdf
  • WHO (2012) Water safety planning for small community water supplies: step-by-step risk management guidance for drinking-water supplies in small communities. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2012/9789241548427_eng.pdf?ua=1
  • WHO/UNICEF (2012) Toolkit for monitoring and evaluating household water treatment and safe storage. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
  • WHO/IWA (2013) Water safety plan quality assurance tool. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/publications/wsp_qat_user_manual.pdf?ua=1
  • WHO, World Health Organization. (2014) Metrics: Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY). www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/metrics_daly/en/
  • WHO/IRC (2003). Linking technology choice with operation and maintenance in the context of community water supply and sanitation: A reference document for planners and project staff. World Health Organization and IRC Water and Sanitation Centre, Geneva, Switzerland. www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/hygiene/om/wsh9241562153.pdf
  • Williams P.N., Islam M.R., Adomako E.E., Raab A., Hossain S.A., Zhu Y.G., Feldmann J., Meharg A.A. (2006) Increase in rice grain arsenic for regions of Bangladesh irrigating paddies with elevated arsenic in groundwaters. Environ. Sci. Technol. 40(16), 4903–4908.
  • Wright J., Gundry S., Conroy R. (2004) Household drinking water in developing countries: A systematic review of microbiological contamination between source and point-of-use. Trop. Med. Int. Health, 9(1), 106–117.


Y

  • Yuan Y., Marshall G., Ferreccio C., Steinmaus C., Selvin S., Liaw J., Bates M.N., Smith A.H. (2007) Acute myocardial infarction mortality in comparison with lung and bladder cancer mortality in arsenic-exposed Region II of Chile from 1950 to 2000. Am. J. Epidemiol. 166(12), 1381–1391.
  • Yu W.H., Harvey CM., Harvey C.F. (2003) Arsenic in groundwater in Bangladesh: A geostatistical and epidemiological framework for evaluating health effects and potential remedies. Water Resource Res. 39(6) 1146–1162.


Z

  • Zavala Y.J., Duxbury J.M. (2008) Arsenic in rice: I. Estimating normal levels of total arsenic in rice grain. Environ. Sci. Technol. 42(10), 3856–3860.
  • Zhao F.J., Ma J.F., Meharg A.A., McGrath S.P. (2009) Arsenic uptake and metabolism in plants. New Phytologist 181(4), 777–794.
  • Zhao F.J., McGrath S.P., Meharg A.A. (2010) Arsenic as a food chain contaminant: Mechanisms of plant uptake and metabolism and mitigation strategies. Annual Rev. Plant Biol. 61, 535–559.
  • Zhao X., Zhang B., Liu H., Qu J. (2011) Simultaneous removal of arsenite and fluoride via an integrated electro-oxidation and electrocoagulation process. Chemosphere 83(5), 726–729.
  • Zohouri F.V., Rugg-Gunn A.J. (1999) Fluoride concentration in foods from Iran. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr. 50, 265–274.
  • Zuo Q., Chen X., Li W., Chen G. (2008) Combined electrocoagulation and electroflotation for removal of fluoride from drinking water. J. Hazard. Mater. 159(2–3), 452–457.
  • Zwolak I., Zaporowska H. (2012) Selenium interactions and toxicity: A review. Cell Biol. Toxicol. 28 (1), 31–46.